Journal: Analysis of STUXNET, Iran, and US Vulnerability

Civil Society, Collective Intelligence, Commerce, Commercial Intelligence, Cultural Intelligence, Government, Law Enforcement
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David Albright, Paul Brannan, and Christina Walrond

22 December 2010, Preliminary Assessment

Did Stuxnet Take Out 1,000 Centrifuges at the Natanz Enrichment Plant?

10 pages

Institute for Science and International Security (ISIS)

Phi Beta Iota: US Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) computer systems are still on the Internet and still very vulnerable to internal and external interference, as well as the standard 50% “errors and omissions” that come with sloppy computer work so characteristic of US vendors.  Many sounded the alarm in 1990 (Winn Schwartau, Peter Black) through 1994 (Robert Steele, various field grade officers at the Air War College) but no one wanted to listen.  The US is as close to a complex melt-down (political-legal, socio-economic, ideo-cultural, techno-demographic, natural-geographic) as we have witnessed in our lifetime.

See Also:

1998 TAKEDOWN: Targets, Tools, & Technocracy

1995 Military Perspective on Information Warfare: Apocalypse Now

Although other papers have been written since then, the three “originals” in the author’s view are Major Gerald R. Hust, “Taking Down Telecommunications”, School of Advanced Airpower Studies, 1993); Major Thomas E. Griffith, Jr., “Strategic Attack of National Electrical Systems”, School of Advanced Airpower Studies, 1994; and H. D. Arnold, J. Hukill, and A. Cameron of the Department of the Air Force, “Targeting Financial Systems as Centers of Gravity: ‘Low Intensity’ to ‘No Intensity’ Conflict”, in Defense Analysis (Volume 10 Number 2, pages 181-208), 1994.