Ashley S. Boyle, September 2012
On September 3, 2012, the NATO Cooperative Cyber Defence Centre of Excellence1 (CCD COE) released a draft of the Tallinn Manual on the International Law Applicable to Cyber Warfare.2 The document was written at the request of the CCD COE by an International Group of Experts (IGE) comprised of legal and technical experts from academic and professional backgrounds.
The resulting 215-page draft is a peer-reviewed but unofficial document that examines whether and how
existing international legal frameworks governing the use of interstate force apply in the cyber environment.
From Contributing Editor Berto Jongman.