Michel Bauwens: Integral Research Methodology

Knowledge, P2P / Panarchy
Michel Bauwens
Michel Bauwens

* Essay: Integral Review and its Editors. By Sara Ross, Reinhard Fuhr, Michel Bauwens, et al. INTEGRAL REVIEW 1, 2005.  Excerpt: Beyond Perspectives, Reductionisms and Layers. By Michael Bauwens, pp. 14-17.

The Integral approach can be seen as a reaction against the limitations and unforeseen effects of the previous methods. Unlike analytical science, it focuses on the whole. Unlike systemic approaches, it always includes the subjective component. Unlike postmodern approaches, it does not shy away from integrative ‘grand narratives.’ But it has also learned from the other approaches: that no attention to the whole can violate the truth of its parts, from the systemic sciences, that the whole is more than the sum of its parts, from the postmodern, that the integral is just another limited perspective, albeit a useful one. Integralism should therefore never be seen as a totalising, ‘imperialistic’ approach, but as another, integrative, multiperspectival way to look at the world.

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Phi Beta Iota: Clarity, diversity, integrity, and a focus on sustainability matter. The integral approach is above all open, inclusive, and honest.

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