The below information was compiled at the request of Jan Helge Kalvik, Editor-in-Chief of Defence and Intelligence Norway. He submitted the below three documents to a Norwegian Minister who is an accredited nominator, with the recommendation that an official nomination be made.
UPDATE: Intelligence & the Nobel Peace Prize (as published in Norway 6 February 2017, PBI BackUp). The Editor in Chief, Jan Kalvick, is not an accredited nominator, he can only recommend. We are informed that the Minister accepted his recommendation and emailed the above nomination (the Minister is an accredited nominator) in to the Committee. By the terms of the will, bona fide nominations are secret — the recommendation as published is not secret.
Nomination in Full Text with Active Links
NOMINATION FOR THE NOBEL PEACE PRIZE
Robert David Steele
For leadership in redirecting the craft of intelligence (decision-support) away from spies and secrecy enabling war and waste, toward open sources and methods favorable to peace and prosperity.
Mr. Robert David Steele (hereafter Nominee) is recommended for the Nobel Peace Prize in the annual cycle closing 1 February 2017 with the following proposed citation:
For leadership in redirecting the craft of intelligence (decision-support) away from spies and secrecy enabling war and waste, toward open sources and methods favorable to peace and prosperity.
Open Source Everything Engineering (OSEE)
Nominee has devised a concept for achieving the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (UN SDG) within ten to twenty years at a cost of ten to twenty percent of the current estimated costs if one were to use Open Source Everything Engineering (OSEE) instead of the existing financial, industrial, and legal approaches.
Applied Collective Intelligence – Earth Intelligence
Applied Collective Intelligence is a modern refinement of old ideas (World Brain, Global Game) combined with new ideas including the urgency of integrating holistic analytics, true cost economics, and OSEE across every policy domain. The macro-level implementation includes a World Brain Institute, a School of Future-Oriented Hybrid Governance, and a new meta PhD/DBA that begins to create a global cadre of mentors able to teach and help others practice Multinational, Multiagency, Multidisciplinary, Multidomain Information-Sharing and Sense-Making (M4IS2). At the micro-level the true cost of every product, service, policy, and behavior is documented and shown to the individual citizen on a hand-held dashboard – education, not regulation, is used to address climate change, child labor, and everything else at point of sale.
Open Source Intelligence (OSINT) & Peacekeeping Intelligence (PKI)
Nominee has since 1988 sought to teach over 66 governments – over 7,500 mid-career officers individually – that intelligence is about decision-support (the outputs) rather than spying and secret technical collection (the inputs). He has labored for decades to demonstrate that secret intelligence communities spend too much time and money on two of the ten high-level threats to humanity (war and terrorism) and no time at all on the other eight (poverty, infectious disease, environment, genocide, other atrocities, proliferation, and transnational crime). He is a widely-published intelligence reformer, and also one of the top Amazon reviewers for non-fiction, reading in 98 categories that inform his broad vision for an Earth Intelligence network in which all minds connect to all information all the time. He coined the term “information peacekeeping” and published the first book on peacekeeping intelligence.
Figure 1: Evolution of the Craft of Intelligence
Figure 2: Eight Tribes Do Intelligence Together
Figure 3: OSINT Utility to Ten High-Level Threats
Figure 4: Open Source Everything Engineering
Figure 5: Preliminary Holistic Analytic Model
Figure 6: Integrated Vision for Our Future
Nominee’s Summary Biography
Robert David Steele is a US-born author, educator, and intelligence professional. A former infantry officer and spy, he is the founder of the modern discipline of Open Source Intelligence (OSINT). He has been recognized as a thought leader since 1994 when he was featured by Alvin Toffler in a chapter on “The Future of the Spy” and listed by Microtimes as an unsung hero striving to change the world for the better. A profile of him in The Guardian in 2014 received 33,000 shares in three days and is now at 74,000 shares. Most recently he has been widely recognized for his advocacy of Open Source Everything Engineering implemented via an Open Source Agency, and politically, for his public opposition to CIA claims that the Russians hacked the US election.
Earth Intelligence Network (501c3 Public Charity), CEO (2006-
Adjunct Researcher, US Army Strategic Studies Institute (1998-
Open Source Solutions, Inc. (Virginia C Corporation), CEO (1993-2007, legally closed 2010)
United States Marine Corps (1976-1996) Civilian (1988-1993), Officer (1976-1996)
Central Intelligence Agency Operations Officer (1979-1988)
Naval War College (1987-1990), Certificate, 3.7 of 4.0, with distinction
University of Oklahoma (1985-1987), MPA Public Administration, 4.0 of 4.0, Pi Alpha Alpha
Lehigh University (1974-1976), MA International Relations, 3.6 of 4.0, Research Fellow
Muhlenberg College (1970-1974), AB in Political Science, 3.2 in major, 2.6 over-all, of 4.0
Singapore American High School (1967-1970), Diploma Advanced Placement and Honors
Robert David Steele Email: email@example.com
11005 Langton Arms Court Web Site: http://robertdavidsteele.com
Oakton, Virginia 22124 USA Blog: https://phibetaiota.net
 A traditional CV including teaching experience, honors, film appearances, and more are at the nominee’s website.
1952 Born to US citizen natural born father and naturalized US citizen Colombian mother
1970 Diploma Singapore American High School after 16 years in Latin America and Asia
1974 AB with thesis on multinational corporations and home/host county issues
1976 MA with thesis creating original model for predicting revolution across all domains
1980 Managed a global media influence program relating to a specific war-torn country
1982 As a Reserve officer, helped create the Marine Corps Master Intelligence Plan (MCMIP)
1983 Wrote the CIA’s first-ever Standard Operating Procedures for a (Clandestine) Field Station
1984 One of the first (of two) CIA field officers assigned the terrorist program full time
1986 Managed a global counterintelligence program against a denied area program
1987 MPA with thesis on strategic information mis-management with US Government as case study
1987 Assigned to create advanced information technology applications for operations and analysis
1988 Assigned to manage future plans for imagery and signals satellites for the national program
1988 Received a double promotion with transfer from CIA to be second-ranking civilian in USMC
1988 Memorandum on generic intelligence center production requirements
1989 Founded the Open Source Intelligence (OSINT) discipline after discovering emptiness of spying
1989 Ghost-wrote for Commandant USMC calling for intelligence for “peaceful preventive measures”
1990 Study with strategic model for planning and programming expeditionary operations
1991 Memorandum seeking to shift US Government toward focus on Third World & emerging threats
1992 At great personal financial risk, sponsored first international conference on OSINT
1992 Wrote first article on E3i: Ethics, Ecology, Evolution, & Intelligence for Whole Earth Review
1992 As Adjunct Faculty for Marine Corps University, wrote primer on thinking about revolution.
1993 Forbidden by CIA from pursuing OSINT, resigned from a tenured civil service position
1993 Introduced NSA to Hackers, ran second of what would become 20 international conferences
1994 Opening speaker at Hackers on Planet Earth, co-founded Information Warfare Conference
1994 Wrote first warning letter on cyber-security and need to spend $1B a year, to White House
1994 Spoke and wrote in Europe on importance of using open sources for commercial intelligence
1993 Provided testimony to Presidential Commission on secrecy as “cement overcoat” of intelligence
1994 Provided testimony to National Research Council on need for open data architectures for Army
1995 Defeated entire US Intelligence Community in a bench-mark test for Aspin-Brown Commission
1995 Article (French/English) on vision for the future of intelligence
1995 Chapter (French) on need to re-invent intelligence to give preference to open sources
1995 For Aspin-Brown Commission defeated entire secret world with six phone calls on Burundi
1996 Handbook for defense open source intelligence
1996 Provided testimony to the Moynihan Commission on Protecting and Reducing Secrecy
1996 Wrote first memorandum on the concept of “information peacekeeping
1996 Wrote first cover story on creating a smart nation, for Government Information Quarterly
1996 Chapter on creating a smart nation as a foundation for the cyber-era
1997 Spoke and wrote for first time on virtual intelligence for conflict avoidance and resolution
1998 Wrote first major piece on the asymmetric threat for Joint Force Quarterly
1998 Chapter on information peacekeeping as the purest form of war (avoiding war)
2000 Handbook for North Atlantic Treaty Organization Open Source Intelligence
2000 Prior to 9/11, wrote first article on needed presidential initiatives, for professional journal
2000 Envisioned World Brain and acquired URLs world-brain.net, world-brain.org, world-brain.com
2002 TIME Magazine published online article about the new craft of intelligence
2002 Monograph on the new craft of intelligence for the US Army Strategic Studies Institute
2002 Book published THE NEW CRAFT OF INTELLIGENCE, with Foreword from Senator Pat Roberts
2003 Book published (with co-editors), PEACEKEEPING INTELLIGENCE
2003 Chapter on peacekeeping intelligence leadership
2003 Chapter on information peacekeeping and the future of intelligence
2004 Provided white paper to first Director of National Intelligence (DNI) championing OSINT
2004 First major article on information peacekeeping and the future of intelligence
2004 Handbook for Special Operations Forces (Civil Affairs) on open source intelligence
2006 Forbes Magazine published online article about idea of re-inventing intelligence with open sources
2006 Monograph on Information Operations for US Army Strategic Studies Institute
2006 Book published, INFORMATION OPERATIONS
2007 Chapter on Open Source Intelligence – the seminal chapter for the discipline
2007 Course for United Nations on open source information sharing and analytics
2008 Chapter on creating a smart nation
2008 Chapter on the world brain as earth game
2009 First article on need for intelligence for everyone other than the President
2009 Article rejected by Joint Force Quarterly on twenty years of government refusal to be serious
2010 Monograph on human intelligence for US Army Strategic Studies Institute
2011 Chapter on the ultimate hack, re-inventing intelligence to re-engineer earth (Danish editor)
2012 Published article and book on The Open Source Everything Manifesto
2012 Began publishing reflections on United Nations Intelligence
2012 First article published on World Brain and Global Game in Humanity Plus Magazine
2013 Chapter on the evolving craft of intelligence with open sources as the third era
2013 First bi-lingual article (Spanish/English) on healing the Americas with an open source agency
2013 Published online reflections on three paths to a prosperous world at peace
2013 First six-part interview series with Privacy PC on open everything
2014 Chapter on peace from above, information peacekeeping and UN aviation operations
2014 First profile in mainstream media (The Guardian) on the open source revolution – 73K shares
2014 First political interview for Libertarian magazine The Daily Bell on open source governance
2014 First engineering interview for IEEE Computer on Open Source Intelligence
2014 First published critique of defense intelligence – seven major flaws for CounterPunch
2014 First article on Applied Collective Intelligence for Spanda Journal
2015 Memorandum to the Vice President of the United States on the need for an Open Source Agency
2015 European interview on World Brain, End Secrecy, Harvest Hive Mind for Rag’n’Rock (UK)
2015 Rejected second article on Applied Collective Intelligence 2.0 (Technology and Society, Elsevier)
2015 Interview with Futurism Magazine on why we need an open source revolution
2015 Chapter on need for an open source tool-kit and network for shared human decision-making
2016 Article for SingularityWeblog on human intelligence and open source technologies
2016 White paper on Open Source Everything Engineering (OSEE)
2016 White paper on OSEE – the Nordic Manifesto (in connection with Danish government lecture)
2016 Post in the EU Open Source Observatory on open source governance and world peace
2016 Interview on global brain storm – collective intelligence and global change
2016 Article “In Harmony with All Life: The Open Source Way,” in Kosmos
2016 Reflections on philosophy of intelligence
2016 Monograph on Grand Strategy for the US Army Strategic Studies Institute
2016 Monograph on Global Reality for the US Army Strategic Studies Institute
2016 Monograph on Re-Inventing the US Army for the US Army Strategic Studies Institute
2016 Article in Defense and Intelligence Norway seeking to avert war with Russia over CIA lies
2017 Article in GlobalResearch refuting all aspects of the CIA report claiming Russia hacked US election
2017 Chapter on augmented intelligence and future-oriented hybrid governance
2017 Letter to Incoming UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres regarding SDG Goals via OSEE
Only a fraction of the relevant publications are listed here. Structured access to all publications as well as interviews, lectures, and testimony is provided at http://robertdavidsteele.com.
Achieving the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (As Delivered to UN)
Letter to Secretary-General of the United Nations Antonio Guterres, “Subject: Achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) with Open Source Everything Engineering (OSEE),” January 2, 2017.
“Open Source Everything Engineering (OSEE) – Achieving the SDG Goals in a Fraction of the Time at a Fraction of the Price,” Phi Beta Iota Public Intelligence Blog, February 16, 2016, as submitted to the UN SDG Global Report 2016.
Beyond Data Monitoring – Achieving the Sustainability Development Goals Through Intelligence (Decision-Support) Integrating Holistic Analytics, True Cost Economics, and Open Source Everything, Oakton, VA: Earth Intelligence Network, October 14, 2014.
Open Source Everything Engineering (OSEE)
“In Harmony with All Life: The Open Source Way,” Kosmos: Journal for Global Transformation, November 1, 2016.
“Open Source Governance: Creating a Prosperous World at Peace,” Open Source Observatory (European Union), May 23, 2016.
“Open Source Everything Engineering (OSEE) — a Nordic Manifesto,” Phi Beta Iota Public Intelligence Blog, April 15, 2016.
“Open Source Everything Engineering (OSEE) – Creating the Academy, Economy, Government, and Society of the Future,” Phi Beta Iota Public Intelligence Blog, April 5, 2016.
“Advanced Scale Computing: Probably Not in Our Lifetime…Unless we embrace Open Source Everything Engineering (OSEE),” Phi Beta Iota Public Intelligence Blog, March 9, 2016.
“The Ultimate Hack – Resilient Villages, Smart Cities, Prosperous Nations at Peace — and Unlimited Clean Water,” Potomac, Maryland: Reserved, March 6, 2016, as discussed for transmission to the Government of India and others.
“Human Intelligence and Open Source Technologies,” SingularityWeblog, February 1, 2016
“Supporting the President’s Interest in 2015 Defense, Diplomacy, and Development Innovation – the Open Source (Technologies) Agency, Digital Deserts, & Global Stabilization,” Oakton, VA: Earth Intelligence Network, October 8, 2015.
With David Balaban. “Open Everything – Interview with Robert David STEELE Vivas,” Privacy PC, April 2-8 2013, in six parts.
“The Open Source Everything Manifesto,” Reality Sandwich, June 13, 2012.
The Open-Source Everything Manifesto: Transparency, Truth, and Trust, North Atlantic Books, 2012
Applied Collective Intelligence
“Augmented Intelligence with Human-Machine Integrity: Future-Oriented Hybrid Governance Integrating Holistic Analytics, True Cost Economics, and Open Source Everything Engineering (OSEE),” forthcoming in Daniel Araya. Augmented Intelligence: Smart Systems and the Future of Work and Learning. Bern, CH: Peter Lang Publishing.
“Applied Collective Intelligence 2.0: Can Open Source Evolutionary Cybernetics Leverage Distributed Human Intelligence While Advancing Artificial Intelligence?,” Phi Beta Iota Public Intelligence Blog, 17 October 2015.
“Human Intelligence and Open Source Technologies,” SingularityWeblog, February 1, 2016.
with Hans Kern, “World Brain II.0 or How We Should End Secrecy and Learn to Harvest the Hive Mind,” Rag’n’Rock (UK), June 2015, pp. 1-23.
“Applied Collective Intelligence: Human-Centric Holistic Analytics, True Cost Economics, and Open Source Everything,” Spanda Journal, December 2014, Vol. 2, pp 127-137.
“Proposal for a World Brain Institute and Development of a Global Game,” Humanity Plus Magazine, December 26, 2012.
“The Ultimate Hack: Re-Inventing Intelligence to Re-Engineer Earth,” in U. K. Wiil (ed.), Counterterrorism and Open-Source Intelligence, Lecture Notes in Social Networks 2, Springer-Verlag/Wien, 2011.
Intelligence for Earth: Clarity, Diversity, Integrity, & Sustainability, Earth Intelligence Network, 2010.
“Creating a Smart Nation” in Mark Tovey (ed.), Collective Intelligence: Creating a Prosperous World at Peace, Oakton, VA: Earth Intelligence Network, 2008, pp 107-130.
“World Brain as Earth Game,” in Mark Tovey (ed.), Collective Intelligence: Creating a Prosperous World at Peace, Oakton, VA: Earth Intelligence Network, 2008, pp 389-398
Tovey, Mark with Robert Steele (eds). Collective Intelligence: Creating A Prosperous World at Peace, Earth Intelligence Network, 2008.
Information Peacekeeping & Peacekeeping Intelligence
“Peace from Above: Envisioning the Future of UN Air Power,” in A. Walter Dorn (ed.), Air Power in UN Operations: Wings of Peace, Farnham, UK: Ashgate Publishing, 2014, Chapter 17, pp. 297-316.
“Robert Steele: Concise Summary of Three Paths to a Prosperous World at Peace,” Phi Beta Iota Public Intelligence Blog, July 1, 2013
“Open Everything: Re-Inventing the United Nations,” New York, NY: United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), April 18, 2009.
“United Nations ‘Class Before One,” Information-Sharing and Analytics Orientation,” Beirut, LB, July 2007.
“Peacekeeping Intelligence & Information Peacekeeping, ” International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence, 19/3 187-193, Spring 2006.
Information Operations: All Information, All Languages, All the Time, Open Source Solutions, Inc., 2006
The Smart Nation Act: Public Intelligence in the Public Interest, Open Source Solutions, Inc., 2006
“E3i: Ethics, Ecology, Evolution, Collective Intelligence, & Information Peacekeeping — Making the Revolution (1 part moral, 1 part conceptual, 1 part technical, 1 part cultural), Carlisle, PA: Strategic Studies Institute, US Army War College, April 18, 2005.
“Information Peacekeeping: A Nobel Objective,” Stockholm, SE: Folke Bernadette Academy, December 4, 2004.
“Information Peacekeeping & The Future of Intelligence,” International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence, 17/2 265-285, Summer 2004.
“Information Peacekeeping & the Future of Intelligence: The United Nations, Smart Mobs, and the Seven Tribes,” in Ben de Jong, Wies Platje, and Robert David Steele (eds.), Peacekeeping Intelligence: Emerging Concepts for the Future, Oakton, VA: Open Source Solutions, Inc., 2003, Chapter 13, pp. 201-225
“Peacekeeping Intelligence Leadership Digest 1.0,” in Ben de Jong, Wies Platje, and Robert David Steele (eds.), Peacekeeping Intelligence: Emerging Concepts for the Future, Oakton, VA: Open Source Solutions, Inc., 2003, Chapter 13, pp. 389-435.
With Ben de Jong and Wies Platje (eds). Peacekeeping Intelligence: Emerging Concepts for the Future, Open Source Solutions, Inc., May 15, 2003
“Information Peacekeeping & The Future of Intelligence: The United Nations, Smart Mobs, and the Seven Tribes,” Amsterdam, NL: Netherlands Intelligence Studies Associations (NISA), November 15, 2002.
“Virtual Intelligence: Conflict Avoidance and Resolution through Information Peacekeeping,” Journal of Conflict Resolution, XIX/1, Spring 1999, pp. 69-105.
“Information Peacekeeping: The Purest Form of War,” in Alan Campen and Douglas Dearth (eds.), CYBERWAR: Myths, Mysteries, and Realities, Fairfax, VA: Armed Forces Communications and Electronics Associations, June 1998, pp. 277-29
“Information Peacekeeping: The Purest Form of War,” in Lloyd J. Mathews (ed.), Challenging the United States Symmetrically and Asymmetrically: Can America be Defeated, Carlisle, PA: Strategic Studies Institute, U.S. Army War College Press, 1998, pp. 143-171.
“Virtual Intelligence: Conflict Avoidance and Resolution Through Information Peacekeeping,” Proceedings, Conference on Virtual Diplomacy, April 1-2, 1997.3.
“Information Peacekeeping: Innovative Policy Options,” Proceedings, Fifth International Symposium on Global Security & Global Competitiveness: Open Source Solutions,” Vol II, pp. 255-267.
Open Source Intelligence (OSINT)
With Daniel Araya. “Interview: Former CIA Officer Robert Steele Discusses Why We Need an Open Source Revolution,” Futurism, December 2, 2015.
With Hal Berghel. “Out of Band: Robert David Steele on OSINT,” IEEE Computer Vol. 47, No. 7, July 2014, pp. 76-81.
With Nafeez Ahmed. “The open source revolution is coming and it will conquer the 1%,” The Guardian, June 19, 2014.
“Healing the Americas with an Open Source Agency 2.0 / Sanando a las Americas con una Agencia de Fuentes Abiertas,” AAInteligencia, March/Marzo 2013.
“Foreword,” in E. Mordini and M Green, Internet-Based Intelligence in Public Health Emergencies: Early Detection and Response in Disease Outbreak Crisis, IOS Press, Vol 105 of NATO Science for Peace and Security Series, March 2013.
“Blank Slate: Open Source Intelligence,” Forbes, June 18, 2006.
“The New Craft of Intelligence Making the Most of Open Private Sector Knowledge,” TIME Magazine, March 11, 2002, online.
“SPECIAL FEATURE: Creating a Smart Nation–Strategy, Policy, Intelligence, and Information,” Government Information Quarterly, 1996, pp. 159-173
“La reinvention du renseignement: Les avantages du renseignement ouvert (OSCINT) / The reinvention of intelligence: The advantages of open source intelligence (OSCINT),” in l’Admiral Pierre Lacoste, Defense et Renseignement, Paris, FR: Editions L’Harmattan, 1995
“The Soft Coup Collapses – CIA Bluffing, Russia Did Not Hack, Blackmail Revealed – What Next?,” GlobalResearch, January 9, 2017.
“The Russians Did Not “Hack” the US Election – a Few Facts from a Former CIA Spy,” Defence and Intelligence Norway, December 31, 2016.
“Fixing Intelligence II: Seven Precepts,” Phi Beta Iota, Public Intelligence Blog, December 21, 2016.
“On Defense Intelligence: Seven Strikes,” CounterPunch, July 2, 2014.
With Anthony Wile. “Former CIA Spy Robert Steele Wants to Strangle Leviathan with ‘Open Source’ Governance,” The Daily Bell (Libertarian), June 29, 2014.
“Rethinking Intelligence: Seven False Premises Blocking Intelligence Reform,” Reality Sandwich, January 7, 2014.
With Stephen E. Arnold. “Robert Steele Discusses Open Source and Secret Intelligence,” HighGainBlog, April 4, 2013.
Human Intelligence: All Humans, All Minds, All the Time, Carlisle, PA: Strategic Studies Institute, U.S. Army War College, Press, June 3, 2010.
“Fixing the White House and National Intelligence,” International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence, 23: 353-373, Spring 2010.
“Perhaps We Should Have Shouted: A Twenty-Year Retrospective,” Joint Forces Quarterly (rejected), August 3, 2009.
“Intelligence for the President–AND Everyone Else,” CounterPunch, March 1, 2009.
“Intelligence Affairs: Evolution, Revolution, or Reactionary Collapse?,” International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence, 19/1 519-537, Fall 2006.
“New Rules for the New Craft of Intelligence,” in Robert David Steele, The New Craft of Intelligence: Personal, Public, & Political–Citizen’s Action Handbook for Fighting Terrorism, Genocide, Disease, Toxic Bombs, & Corruption, Oakton, VA: Open Source Solutions, Inc., 2002, Chapter 15, pp. 147-161.
The New Craft of Intelligence: Personal, Public, & Political–Citizen’s Action Handbook for Fighting Terrorism, Genocide, Disease, Toxic Bombs, & Corruption, Open Source Solutions, Inc., April 8, 2002
On Intelligence: Spies and Secrecy in an Open World, Armed Forces Communications and Electronics Association, 2000.
“Relevant Information and All-Source Analysis: The Emerging Revolution,” American Intelligence Journal, Spring 1999, pp. 24-29.
“Reinventer Le Renseignement: Vision et Strategie / Reinventing Intelligence: The Vision and the Strategy,” International Defense & Technologies, December 1995.
“Private Enterprise Intelligence – Its Potential Contribution to National Security,” Intelligence and National Security, 10/4, October 1995, pp. 212-228.
“National Intelligence and Open Source: From School House to White House,” American Intelligence Journal, Spring/Summer 1993, pp. 29-32.
“National Security and National Competitiveness,” Bulletin of the American Society of Information Science, February/March 1993, pp. 21-22
“Applying the ‘New Paradigm’: How to Avoid Strategic Intelligence Failures in the Future,” American Intelligence Journal, Autumn 1991, pp. 43-46.
“Intelligence in the 1990’s: Recasting National Security in a Changing World,” American Intelligence Journal, Summer/Fall 1990, pp. 29-36.
With Al Gray, “Global Intelligence Challenges in the 1990’s,” American Intelligence Journal, Winter 1989-1990, pp. 37-41.