National Intelligence Model (NIM)
What it is:
In the context of the Police Reform Agenda, the NIM is ‘A Model for Policing' that ensures information is fully researched, developed and analysed to provide intelligence which enables senior managers to:
o provide strategic direction
o make tactical resourcing decisions about operational policing and manage risk
o It is important to note that the NIM is NOT just about crime and NOT just about intelligence – it is a model that can be used for most areas of policing.
It offers, for the first time, the realisable goal of integrated intelligence in which ALL forces and law enforcement agencies play a part in a system bigger than themselves.
Launched by NCIS and adopted by the Association of Chief Police Officers (ACPO), in 2000, the government placed the NIM at the centre of the Police Reform Agenda.
The National Policing Plan stipulates that ‘the NIM should be adopted by ALL forces to commonly accepted standards by April 2004 at the latest' and ‘arrangements for implementation should be set out in local policing plans'.
The NIM can be applied to:
o Crime at all levels
o Non crime including antisocial behaviour and community cohesion
o Reassurance agendas, including working with partners
What it does:
o Provides greater consistency of policing across the UK
o Allows operational strategies to focus on key priorities
o Allows more officers to focus on solving priority problems and targeting the most active offenders
o Achieves greater compliance with human rights legislation and the regulation of Investigation Powers Act (RIPA)
o Informs the management of risk
o Provides more informed business planning and a greater link to operational policing issues
o Improves direction and briefing of patrols
o Reduces rates of persistent offenders through targeting the most prolific
o Improves integration with partner agencies
A guide to the National intelligence Model (NIM)
The NIM has its roots in criminal intelligence but it is a business process model with certain key elements. It facilitates the organisation of knowledge, informs resource allocation, co-ordinates activity and allows lessons to be learnt from that activity.
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NIM improves the opportunities to share intelligence across police forces, governmental and non-governmental agencies.
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It reduces barriers to effectiveness by producing standardised processes and language to create a co-operative working environment. Intelligence lies at the heart of business planning where account is taken of local
and governmental objectives of required levels of performance and value for money principles. The vital central ingredient in successful business planning is information and understanding on five issues:-
· An accurate picture of the business
· What is actually happening on the ground
· The nature and extent of the problems
· The trends
· Where the main threats lie
What is it?
The National Intelligence Model (NIM) is an intelligence led Business Model, utilised by Police Forces in the UK to gather and manage information in order to make the most effective decisions. The NIM was devised by the National Criminal Intelligence Service and adopted by the Association of Chief Police Officers Scotland in 2000. Essentially, the model professionalises the intelligence discipline by facilitating the identification of Priorities and the allocation of resources.
What does it involve?
The NIM is structured through a regular pattern of meetings and emphasises three key factors: Priorities, Resources and Results
Priorities – The development and analysis of information/intelligence enables a deeper understanding of crime and non-crime issues and the identification of Priorities (i.e., existing problem areas or emerging trends)
Resources – Effective decision-making is guided by the identified Priorities. Finite resources and information gathering activities are coordinated and Tasked to these areas, which pose the most significant threat to the public, the community and the Organisation.
Results –The outcome of each Tasked activity is evaluated and fed back into the system, which continually develops exiting intelligence, increases the Force's ability to tackle identified problem areas and facilitates the assessment of Force priorities.
National Intelligence Model (PDF 42 Pages, UK National Criminal Investigative Service)