Argentina’s President Cristina Fernandez used the opportunity of presiding over the U.N. Security Council for the first time Tuesday to take aim at the veto power of its five permanent members _ the United States, Russia, China, Britain and France.
Fernandez also criticized member states that don’t implement U.N. resolutions, citing unheeded demands for a Palestinian state and Britain’s refusal to engage in talks about the disputed Falkland Islands, which Argentina calls the Malvinas.
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She said the veto was a safeguard during the Cold War to prevent “nuclear holocaust” _ but today the United States and Russia sit at the same table “and we can’t deal with the problems in this new world with old instruments and old methods.”
Fernandez pointed to two Latin American organizations _ the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States and the Union of South American Nations _ which take decisions on the basis of unanimity when there is a conflict. By contrast, she criticized the use of vetoes by the permanent members of the Security Council.
Russia and China have vetoed three Western-backed resolutions to pressure Syrian President Bashar Assad to end the 2 1/2 year conflict that has killed more than 100,000 people, and the United States, Israel’s closest ally, has vetoed numerous resolutions over the years on the Palestinian conflict with Israel.
Fernandez strongly supported the Arab League’s U.N. observer Ahmed Fathalla who said all 193 U.N. member states must implement U.N. resolutions
This is “the crux of resolving conflicts and central to the effectiveness of the Security Council in settling different matters,” she said.
Fernandez cited the Palestinian conflict and the resolution calling for British-Argentine talks on the disputed islands, which Argentina claims Britain has illegally occupied since 1833.
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Fernandez and many speakers from Latin America expressed serious concern at reports by NSA leaker Edward Snowden that a U.S. spy program is widely targeting data in emails and telephone calls across Latin America.
Fernandez said she discussed with the secretary-general “the needs to establish regulations of a global nature to ensure and protect sovereignty of states and privacy of citizens in the world.”
Brazil’s Foreign Minister Antonio Patriota said South American ministers were united in condemning the alleged spying.
Patriota also expressed concern that historically the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, NATO, and its member countries “have considered that the organization does not necessarily require explicit authorization from the Security Council to resort to coercion.”