Steven Vervaeke: Decentralized Technologies and Tools as Web 3.0 Resources

Autonomous Internet

Awesome Decentralized Web

A curated list about the decentralized technologies and tools to develop decentralized applications.

Safety copy with links below the fold.

Protocols and Technologies

Tools for building a decentralized web.

Thanks to the Decentralized Web Summit for the inspiration.

Projects inactive for a while are marked as discontinued!.


  • ForgeFed – a decentralized federation protocol provides a server to server API for pull request, forking and subscription.
  • Matrix – an open standard for decentralised persistent communication over IP. Matrix wants to connect together all the various communication services and make them interoperate.


  • BitTorrent – protocol for distributed file sharing.
  • Dat Protocol – versioned, encrypted, peer-to-peer protocol for distributed file sharing.
  • IPFS – or InterPlanetary File System, is a distributed file storage system that aims to replace HTTP.


  • ActivityPub – open, decentralized social networking protocol based on's ActivityPump protocol.
  • Blockstack – Blockstack is a new fully decentralized internet that comes with a full stack of open-source developer tools to build and bootstrap decentralized applications and protocol ecosystems.
  • Interledger – it interconnects disparate cryptocurrencies and financial systems.
  • libdweb – a community effort to implement experimental APIs enabling dweb protocols in Firefox.
  • Mysterium Network – open sourced network allowing anyone to rent their unused Network traffic, while providing a secure connection for those in need. Whitepaper
  • Solid – a proposed set of conventions and tools for building decentralized social applications based on Linked Data principles.
  • WebRTC – W3C drafted standard for browser-to-browser data transfer.


Things built with decentralized protocols and technologies.


  • Backfeed – a technology to enable decentralized and user-owned governance and reputation management for a community. Discontinued!
  • – the World’s First Virtual Nation – A Blockchain Jurisdiction.
  • git-ssb – Decentralized git repo hosting and issue tracking on secure-scuttlebutt.
  • PeerPad – a realtime P2P collaborative editing tool, powered by IPFS and CRDTs.
  • Radicle – secure peer-to-peer code collaboration without intermediaries.


  • BitMessage – anonymous encrypted message broadcasting.
  • – a disaster-resilient communications network powered by the sun.
  • LevelNews – a leftist news aggregator designed for an open web, and dedicated to journalism without censorship.
  • LibreMesh – a modular framework for creating OpenWrt/LEDE-based firmwares for wireless mesh nodes.
  • Mobilizon – a federated tool that helps you find, create and organise events.
  • Ricochet – completely anonymous and potentially metadata-free chat Discontinued!


  • Bitcoin – it is the first decentralized digital currency, as the system works without a central bank or single administrator.
  • Ethereum – blockchain-based distributed computing platform featuring smart contract (scripting) functionality. It provides a decentralized Turing-complete virtual machine
  • Monero – aims to improve on existing cryptocurrency design by obscuring sender, recipient and amount of every transaction.
  • Zcash – a cryptocurrency built for total privacy. Zcash encrypts transactions so that they can be validated while still private.
  • Awesome-cryptocurrencies – a curated list of cryptocurrencies.
  • Curated list of blockchain and crytocurrency resources in general


  • BigchainDB – a scalable database that layers blockchain technology over decentralized data.
  • Dat Base – future-friendly apps for your research data pipeline.
  • GUN – a small, easy, and fast data sync and storage system that runs everywhere JavaScript does.
  • IPDB – a federated database network built on BigchainDB and IPFS. It is maintained by a network of caretakers around the world, at least half of which are nonprofits.
  • OrbitDB – p2p database engine on top of IPFS.
  • AvionDB – mongodb-like database on top of OrbitDB.

Data Storage and Sharing

  • Arweave – A Protocol for Economically SustainableInformation Permanence.
  • CacheP2P – a distributed caching platform. Discontinued!
  • Cryptosphere – an open-source P2P web application platform for decentralized, privacy-preserving software. Discontinued!
  • Holochain – a validating monotonic DHT backed by authoritative hashchains for data provenance.
  • Filecoin – a decentralized storage network based on IPFS, powered by a blockchain and a native token. Whitepaper
  • – streaming file transfer over WebTorrent.
  • OnionShare – hosts the selected files as a hidden service on the user's computer
  • ORC – the Onion Router Cloud, a distributed, anonymous, object storage platform owned and operated by all of us. Discontinued!
  • Peergos – end-to-end encrypted, peer-to-peer file storage, sharing and communication network.
  • Perkeep – set of open source formats, protocols, and software for modeling, storing, searching, sharing and synchronizing data.
  • Rotonde – commonly agreed upon specifications of a JSON object shared between members of the network.
  • Tahoe-LAFS – a private, encrypted file storage system that decentralizes data across multiple servers.
  • Tribler – Privacy enhanced BitTorrent client with P2P content discovery.
  • Sia – a decentralized private cloud. Whitepaper
  • Storj – a blockchain-based, end-to-end encrypted, distributed object storage. Whitepaper
  • Swarm – a distributed storage platform and content distribution service of the ethereum stack.
  • WebTorrent – an in-browser torrenting that works without requiring users to install anything extra.
  • Wikipediap2p – a p2p version of wikipedia. Discontinued!


  • Bit451 – decentralized / distributed anonymous p2p media network. YouTube meets BitTorrent meets Bitcoin. Discontinued!
  • DTube – decentralized video platform, built on top of the STEEM Blockchain and the IPFS peer-to-peer network.
  • ferment – Peer-to-peer audio publishing and streaming application.
  • Mediachain – a media library built on IPFS that makes it easy to publish, track, and discover creative work.
  • Mediagoblin – a free software media publishing platform alternative to Flickr, YouTube, SoundCloud.
  • PeerTube – Decentralized federated video streaming platform using P2P, ActivityPub and WebTorrent.
  • Funkwhale – Funkwhale is a community-driven project that lets you listen and share music and audio within a decentralized, open network.

Microblogging and Social Network

  • Dat Medium – Dat Medium is markdown blog system for Beaker inspired by Medium. Discontinued!
  • diaspora* – decentralized and federated social media platform.
  • Friendica – decentralized and federated social media platform.
  • Hubzilla – decentralized and federated social media platform.
  • Mastodon – decentralized alternative to twitter, with servers federation.
  • Patchwork – a decentralized messaging and sharing app built on top of Secure Scuttlebutt.
  • Pleroma – a federated social networking platform.
  • Scuttlebutt – a decent(ralised) secure gossip platform.
  • Socialhome – decentralized and federated profile builder with social networking features.
  • Tahrir – looks and feels like twitter but encrypted and anonymized and decentralized and only you hold the keys. Discontinued!
  • trsst – looks and feels like twitter but encrypted and anonymized and decentralized and only you hold the keys. Discontinued!
  • Twister – a fully decentralized P2P microblogging platform leveraging the free software implementations of Bitcoin and BitTorrent protocols.


  • Jolocom – a decentralised digital identity for everyone.
  • magic-wormhole – get things from one computer to another, safely.
  • OpenTimeStamps – OpenTimestamps aims to be a standard format for blockchain timestamping.
  • StrongLink – a searchable, syncable, content-addressable notetaking system Discontinued!
  • Dark Crystal – set of protocols, libraries, techniques and guidelines for secure management of sensitive data such as cryptographic keys.


  • Beaker – Beaker is a peer-to-peer Web browser, made for users to run applications independently of hosts.
  • Freenet– a network aimed at activists and people living in repressive regimes. It uses a web of trust in high security mode, which allows users on the network to be effectively undetectable.
  • GNUnet – GNUnet is a new network protocol stack for building secure, distributed, and privacy-preserving applications. With strong roots in academic research, our goal is to replace the old insecure Internet protocol stack.
  • Handshake – decentralized certificate authority and naming.
  • I2P – anonymous network with hidden services.
  • IPWB – an interplanetary wayback machine.
  • Loki – Loki creates privacy tools that enable untraceable, secure transactions and anonymous communication.
  • MaidSafe – a soon-to-be-released decentralized internet and app infrastructure which rewards users for participating in the network.
  • Namecoin – a replacement for the existing domain name system that registers identities on a blockchain, rather than a centralized DNS authority.
  • Onename – domain registar for Blockstack.
  • OpenBazaar – marketplace, with store fronts and moderators.
  • Samizdat – Samizdat is a platform for the self-hosted, peer-to-peer, cryptographically-secured internet. Discontinued!
  • Shift – Decentralized hosting infrastructure for dApps.
  • Steemit – blogging and social networking website on top of a blockchain database.
  • Tor – anonymous network proxy.
  • yacy – Distributed Peer-to-Peer Web Search Engine and Intranet Search Appliance.
  • ZeroNet – a peer-to-peer web built on the Bitcoin cryptography for addressing, and identity and Namecoin for .bit domains.
  • ArcBlock – a decentralized platform to build, run and deploy DApps, blockchains and websites on any infrastructure with integrated decentralized identity and multi-chain support.

Other Related Lists

  • Awesome-decentralized-id – Resources for creating a Decentralized, Vendor Agnostic, Self Sovereign Identity System for people organizations and things.


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