Graphic: Herring Triangle of Four Levels Need & Cost

Advanced Cyber/IO, Balance, Collection, Innovation, Multinational Plus, Strategy-Holistic Coherence

Jan Herring, the first National Intelligence Officer for Science & Technology (NIO/S&T) is the father of Open Source Intelligence in the USA.  Now retired, his baton has been picked up by Robert Steele, who took the campaign multinational.  The history continuing resistance to what was originally Jan Herring’s lead is covered briefly in 2008 IJIC 21/3 The Open Source Program: Missing in Action.