An Alert Reader has pointed to investigative work by William Benson to the effect that neither the 16th (income tax) or 17th (Senators no longer appointed by sovereign states) Amendments were ever properly ratified and could therefore be overturned if this assertion is verified. We have no direct knowledge but given the prevalence of lies by the federal government (all three branches) over the past hundred years, this seems worthy of a serious investigation.
- 16 Amendment Assertion
- 17th Amendment Assertion
- 17th Amendment Supplemental I
- 17th Amendment Supplemental II
Alert Reader has sent in the following, which does not contest the 16th Amendment but rather sharply limits it.
The income tax is just an excise; capitations still require apportionment; and you’ve been taken to the cleaners.