History of Bureaucratic War on Public Intelligence (1992-2006)

History
Lipstick on the Pig
Lipstick on the Pig

2004

US

HistorySteeleThe OSINT Story 2.1 in RTF

2004

US

HistorySteeleThe OSINT Story 2.1 in Word Doc

1995

US

HistoryLos AlamosLos Alamos Lab on OSINT

1995

US

HistorySimmonsCongressman Simmons (then Major) on OSINT and DIA

1993

US

HistorySteeleGod, Man, and Information: Invited Rant to INTERVAL

1992

US

HistoryICIC Task Force Vision for OSINT

1992

US

HistorySteeleCIM and Transformation (to Paul Strassman, DirInfo DoD)

1992

US

HistorySteele & USMCDerogatory Comments, Line by Line, on Decrepit IC Vision for OSINT

1992

US

HistorySTICSTIC on OSINT

1992

US

HistoryUSMCUSMC on OSINT

1992

US

HistoryUSMCUSMC on IC  Survey re OSINT

1992

US

HistoryUSMCUSMC Comments on IC Task Forces

1992

US

HistoryUSMCUSMC Comment on IC OSINT

1992

US

HistoryWallnerOSINT Requirements Memorandum

1991

US

HistoryHarvard JFK PanelUS Intelligence and American Enterprise

1989

US

HistoryCIA/OSWR, WebbCATALYST (Computer Aided Tools for the Analysis of S&T)

1989

US

HistorySteeleOperationalization Portion of Steele Thesis on Revolution

1989

US

HistoryUSMCUSMC Response to IC Data Call on OSINT

1989

US

HistoryUSMCCore Documents on OSINT (186 Pages)

Policy Archives on Public Intelligence (1992-2006)

Policy

2006

US

PolicyDoDQDR Shift in Focus 18 Years After Gray and Steele Recommended Same

2006

US

PolicyMarkowitzDefense Science Board Report on Transitions (NGO, OSINT)

2006

US

PolicyPetersCounterrevolution in Military Affairs

2006

US

PolicySteeleTerms of Reference for Intelligence Reform 1.1

2006

US

PolicySteeleIn Search of a Leader (Four Essential Reforms)

2006

US

PolicySteeleElectoral Refrom as Precursor to Intelligence Reform

2006

US

PolicyTsuruokaManaging for the Future: Interview with Alvin Toffler

2005

US

PolicyAndreggEthics and the IC: Breaking the Laws of God and Man

2005

UK

PolicyBASICThink Tank Report on US Intelligence Incompetence

2005

EU

PolicyEUEuropean Union Proposed Multi-National Intelligence Service

2005

US

PolicyGodsonCulture of Lawfullness

2005

US

PolicySteeleON INTELLIGENCE: Overview in Aftermath of 9-11

2005

US

PolicySteeleOp-Ed on Condi Rice’s Active Deception

2005

US

PolicySteeleCease and desist letter on Naquin

2005

US

PolicyTamaPrinceton Review on Intelligence Reform

2004

US

PolicyAlexanderArmy G-2 Accepts OSINT as Separate Discipline

2004

US

PolicyAndreggInsanity of Planned Intelligence “Reforms”

2004

AU

PolicyAnon & SteeleUpdate on OSINT in Australia

2004

FR

PolicyClercCognitive Knowledge for Nations

2004

US

PolicyCordesmanQuestions & Answers on Intelligence Reform

2004

US

PolicyCordesman & SteeleQuestions & Answers on Intelligence Reform

2004

US

PolicySimmonsCongressman Simmons Letter to General Schoomaker on OSINT

2004

US

PolicySteeleDoD OSINT Program: One Man’s View of What Is Needed

2004

US

PolicySteeleTranscript of Steele at Secretary of State’s Open Forum 24 March 2004

2004

NL

PolicyTongeren (van)Need for Global Alliance for Human Security (Complete)

2004

NL

PolicyTongeren (van)Need for Global Alliance for Human Security (Overview)

2003

US

PolicyCzechSteady State Revolution and National Security

2003

CA

PolicyFyffeIntelligence Sharing and OSINT

2003

CA

PolicyFyffeIntelligence Sharing and OSINT (Summary)

2003

UN

PolicyLewisCreating the Global Brain

2003

US

PolicyMarkowitzOSINT in Support of All Source

2003

US

PolicyMarkowitzOpen Source Intelligence Investment Strategy

2003

US

PolicySteeleOpen Letter to Ambassadors Accredited to the USA

2003

BE

PolicyTruyensIntelligent vs. Intelligence: That Is The Question

2002

Italy

PolicyPoliti11th of September and the Future of European Intelligence

2001

US

PolicyHeibelIntelligence Training: What Is It?  Who Needs It?

2001

US

PolicyHeibelValue of Intelligence & Intelligence Training to Any Organization

2001

US

PolicyOakleyUse of Civilian & Military Power for Engagement & Intervention

2000

US

PolicyBerkowitzAn Alternative View of the Future of Intellligence

2000

RU

PolicyBudzkoRussian View of Electronic Open Sources and How to Exploit Them

2000

US

PolicyErmarthOSINT: A Fresh Look at the Past and the Future

2000

IT

PolicyPolitiThe Birth of OSINT in Italy

1999

US

PolicyAllen (ADCI/C)OSINT as a Foundation for All-Source Collection Management

1999

UK

PolicyRolingtonChanging Messages in Western Knowledge Over 400 Years (Slides)

1999

UK

PolicyRolingtonChanging Messages in Western Knowledge Over 400 Years (Text)

1999

UK

PolicySteeleSnakes in the Grass: Open Source Doctrine

1998

US

PolicyDonahueBalancing Spending Among Spies, Satellites, and Schoolboys

1997

FR

PolicyBotbolThe OSINT Revolution: Early Failures and Future Prospects

1997

US

PolicyFelsherViability & Survivability of US Remote Sensing as Function of Policy

1997

US

PolicySteeleIntelligence in the Balance: Opening Remarks at OSS ‘97

1997

US

PolicySuttonGlobal Coverage ($1.5B/Year Needed for Lower Tier OSINT)

1997

US

PolicyTsuruokaAsian Perceptions of What Is and Is Not Legal in Economic Intelligence

1997

UK

PolicyTyrrellProposals to Develop a NATO/PfP OSINT Capability

1996

FR

PolicyClercEconomic and Financial Intelligence: The French Model

1996

US

PolicyKahinWhat Is Intellectual Property?

1996

US

PolicySteeleCreating a Smart Nation (Govt Info Q and also CYBERWAR Chapter)

1996

US

PolicySteeleInfoPeace: OSINT as a Policy Option & Operational Alternative

1996

US

PolicySteeleOpen Sources and the Virtual Intelligence Community

1996

US

PolicySteeleProtecting the Civilian Infrastructure as an Aspect of Information Warfare

1996

US

PolicyZuckermanThe Central Role of Open Source Economic Intelligence

1995

US

PolicyPrusakSeven Myths of the Information Age

1995

US

PolicySteeleConference Executive Summary C/HPSCI and former DCI Colby

1995

US

PolicySteeleCreating a Smart Nation: Strategy, Policy, Intelligence, & Information

1995

US

PolicySteeleSMART NATIONS: NI Strategies and Virtual Intelligence Communities

1994

US

PolicyOgdin & GiserCyber-Glut, and What To Do About It

1994

FR

PolicySchmidtOpen Source Solutions 1994: The State of Intelligence

1994

US

PolicySchwartauLetter on NII Security

1994

US

PolicySchwartau et alCross-Walk of 3 Experts’ Spending $1 Billion per Year for NII Security

1994

US

PolicySteeleCommunications, Content, Coordination, and C4 Security: Talking Points

1994

US

PolicySteeleCorrespondence to Mr. Marty Harris, NII Commission

1994

US

PolicySteeleDATA MINING: Don’t Buy or Build Your Shovel Until You Know What…

1994

US

PolicySteeleExpansion of Questions Posed by Senator John Warner to Aspin-Brown

1994

US

PolicySteeleLetter to the Open Source Lunch Club on PFIAB Being Useless

1994

US

PolicySteeleNational and Corporate Security in the Age of Information

1994

US

PolicySteelePrivate Enterprise Intelligence: Its Potential Contribution to Nat’l Sec.

1993

FR

PolicyBeaumardFrance: Think-tank to Anticipate & Regulate Economic Intelligence Issues

1993

FR

PolicyBeaumardLearned Nations: Competitive Advantages Via Knowledge Strategies

1993

US

PolicyBrennerLaw and Policy of Telecommunications and Computer Database Networks

1993

US

PolicyCastagnaReview of Reich, The Work of Nations

1993

AU

PolicyChantlerNeed for Australia to Develop a Strategic Policy on OSI

1993

US

PolicyCislerCommunity Computer Networks

1993

US

PolicyCivilleThe Spirit of Access: Equity, NREN, and the NII

1993

US

PolicyFedanzoA Genetic View of National Intelligence

1993

US

PolicyHaverIntelligence Aim Veers to Amassing Overt Information

1993

JP

PolicyKumonJapan and the United States in the Information Age

1993

SE

PolicyLeijonhelmEconomic Intelligence Cooperation Between Government Industry

1993

US

PolicyLoveComments on the Clinton Administration’s ‘Vision’ Statement for the NII

1993

US

PolicyPetersenA New Twenty-First Century Role for the Intelligence Community

1993

GE

PolicySchmidtHistory of Failure, Future of Opportunity: Reinventions and Deja Vu

1993

US

PolicySteeleA Critical Evaluation of U.S. National Security Capabilities

1993

US

PolicySteeleACCESS: Theory and Practice of Intelligence in the Age of Information

1993

US

PolicySteeleExecutive Order 12356, ‘National Security Information’

1993

US

PolicySteeleReinventing Intelligence in the Age of Information (TP for DCI)

1993

US

PolicySteeleReinventing Intelligence: The Advantages of OSINT

1993

US

PolicySteeleRole of Grey Lit & Non-Traditional Agencies in Informing Policy Makers

1993

US

PolicyToffler (Both)Knowledge Strategies, Intellience Restructuring,  Global Competitiveness

1993

US

PolicyWallnerOverview of IC Open Source Requirements and Capabilities

1993

US

PolicyWoodThe IC and the Open Source Information Challenge

1992

US

PolicyBarlowEFF and the National Public Network (NPN)

1992

US

PolicyCastagnaReview of Toffler’s PowerShift

1992

SE

PolicyDedijerOpen Source Solutions: Intelligence and Secrecy

1992

US

PolicyGageOpen Sources, Open Systems

1992

US

PolicyGreenwaldUnrepresented Nations & Peoples Organization: Diplomacy’s Cutting Edge

1992

US

PolicyHughesAn Affordable Approach to Networking America’s Schools

1992

US

PolicyKahinNew Legal Paradigms for Multi-Media Information in Cyberspace

1992

US

PolicyKahnOutline of a Global Knowledge Architecture, Visions and Possibilities

1992

US

PolicySteeleE3i: Ethics, Ecology, Evolution, and Intelligence

1992

US

PolicySteeleInaugural Remarks Opening 1st International Conference

1992

US

PolicySteeleInformation Concepts & Doctrine for the Future

1992

US

PolicySteeleOSINT Clarifies Global Threats: Offers Partial Remedy to Budget Cuts

1992

US

PolicySteeleReview Strassmann, Information PayOff

1992

US

PolicyWoodRemarks, Don’t Be Suspicious of Contractors

1991

US

PolicyJFK Working GroupNational Intelligence and the American Enterprise: Possibilities

1991

US

PolicyKarrakerHighways of the Mind

1991

US

PolicySteeleHow to Avoid Strategic Intelligence Failures in the Future

1990

US

PolicySteeleRecasting National Security in a Changing World

1957

US

PolicyWrightProject for a World Intelligence Center

1997 Creating a “Bare Bones” Capability for Open Source Support to Defense Intelligence Analysis

Intelligence (Government/Secret), White Papers
Bare Bones OSINT Cell
Bare Bones OSINT Cell

When Paul Wallner, on rotation from DIA to CIA, first attempted to establiksh an Open Source Intelligence (OSINT) concept of operations, this was the first paper delivered to him.  At the same time, he gave OSS a fair shot at business with ten trial weekly reports spanning everything from medical to regions to logistics.  What we did not discover until a few years ago is that a sergeant, then on reserve duty and billing himself as an OSINT expert, was throwing away our analytic summaries and loading the carefully sorted headines associated with each analytic summary into the DIA “bin” willy-nilly.  Our attempt to show DIA that OSINT could be done as a  low-cost out-sourced activity that did not require legions of contractors or “butts in seats,” died from this one specific pattern of misbehavior, a lack of intelligence and integrity on the part of one individual so shocking as to defy understuanding.  Neither Wallner nor Steele knew about this until years later.

Today “everyone has an OSINT cell” but there is no enterprise.  What is needed is an OSINT Center co-equal to the HUMINT/CI Center, with its own two-star commander, both reporting to the same three-star.  The OSINT Center should be a hub for a global grid that includes regional multinational information-sharing and sense-making activities that work predominantly at the unclassified level, and should include a massive processing center that exchanges real-time sense-making back out to all who provide data into the processing center at machine speed–the United Nations and the International Committee of the Red Cross, among others, would be immediately attractive allies.

OSINT is the primary means of achieving a “shared view of the battlefield” in operations other than war (OOTW), in stabilization and reconstruction operations, in humanitarian assistance operations, and in disaster relief operations.

OSINT should also be the foundation for both the defense Quadrennial Defense Review (QDR) and the twin pillars of future integrated strategy,Whole of Government Planning, Programming, and Budgeting System WoG PPBS), and Multinational Peace & Prosperity Operations (MPPO) that leverage M4IS2 (Mutlinational, Multiagency, Multidisciplinary, Multipomain Information-Sharing and Sense-Making).

Innovative Policy Options
Innovative Policy Options

Click on the frog to read the 1996 piece on “Information Peacekeeping: Innovative Policy Options.”  It is needed by the Secretary of Defense right now–today.

1992 Report on 5 August 1992 Open Source Requirements Management Committee Meeting

History of Opposition

The below memorandum is very professional and a tangible example of the diligence that Paul Wallner, on detail from DIA to run the Community Open Source Program Office (COSPO) in its first incarnation, brought to the job.  Paul Wallner coined the term “source of first resort,” and he did everything in his power to get OSINT right when we were able to force the matter to the high table.  That he failed is not a reflection on him, as much as it is on the history of opposition, both passive aggressive and blatantly treasonous, that has characterized the “institutional” responses to this transofrmative “full spectrum” discipline.

Paul Wallner Tries
Paul Wallner Tries

1992 Open Source Coordinator’s Senior Manager’s Council: A Status Report on STIC Open Source Activities

History of Opposition

Tom Pedtke was the single most important practitioner during the 1992 surge when we thought we had a chance to get it right.  Coming out of the National Air Intelligence Center (NAIC) in Cleveland, Ohio, he had an appreciation for “full spectrum” Open Source Intelligence (OSINT) such as would never be achieved by those steeped in the culture of foreign broadcast monitoring, and he understood research and citation analysis and all the other tricks of the OSINT trade that simply do not come into play when you are monitoring fixed schedule broadcasts.  Following in the tradition of National Intelligence Officer for Science & Technology (NIO/S&T) Jan Herring who tried all of this in the 1970’s, Tom Pedtke had all of the knowledge and the best of intentions.  Like Paul Wallner, he simply could not move the beast from within.

S&T Good Guys
S&T Good Guys