Review: Descent into Chaos–The United States and the Failure of Nation Building in Pakistan, Afghanistan, and Central Asia

5 Star, Cultural Intelligence, Insurgency & Revolution, Peace Intelligence
Amazon Page
Amazon Page

Ahmed Rashid

5 out of 5 stars Broad but Nuanced, Exudes Intelligence,Absorbing Speaking of Truth, June 17, 2009

Among the observations from the author”

1. U.S. has destabilized the world after 9-11, not made it safer.

2. Pakistan is the key to peace in the region, but the US has been totally taken in by Musharraf and his army and ISI colleagues, all of whom have played the US (easily) for the total fool.

3. “No coherence to US tactics and strategy” combined with a collapsed Cabinet system and “ruinous laws” making torture the norm.

4. Pashtuns lacked leadership on the ground for decades, a major reason why they did not counter the Taliban

5. If Pakistan is the key to peace in the region, Uzbekistan is the key to future war, mixing as it does the worst of dictatorial tyranny (I know, tautologically redundant, enjoy) with deep Islamic fundamentalism.

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Reference: The Autocatalysis of Social Systems and the Emergence of Trust

Advanced Cyber/IO, Cultural Intelligence

Core Quote:  “Under the condition of double contingency, every self-commitment, however accidentally arisen or however calculated, will acquire information and connective value for the action of others.  Precisely because such a system is formed in a closed and self-referential way — namely A is determined by B and B by A — every accident, every impulse, every error is productivec [of the social system]….Without ‘noise,’ no system.”  Citing Niklas Luhmann, Social Systems, Writing Science (Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1995), p. 116.

Nine Page PDF

Reference: How Not to Study the World-Wide Web (WWW)

Advanced Cyber/IO, Articles & Chapters, Cultural Intelligence

ABSTRACT:  In his book, Linked: How Everything is Connected to Everything Else and What it Means for Business, Science, and Everyday Life, Albert-Laszlo Barabasi gives us a detailed analysis of the typology of the WWW.  In so doing, he makes many errors from which we can derive important lessons about ways not to study the WWW or complex networks in general.  These lessons are crucial from the point of view of the philosophy of science, and suggest that more care and reflecivity is called for in pursuing WWW research.  This paper is intended to provided imputus for meaningful thought and further discussion.

CONTENTS:

Introduction: Quality and Quantity

Network Analysis (Analytical Dimensioins of Networks, Robot Typology, Network Density, Assessing the Value of Hubs and Non-Hubs, The Effect of Search Engines on Typology)

Static Quality (Proportional Linkage, Website Design, Valuable Referrers, The Effect of Closeness)

Dynamic Quality (The Myth of Fitness, Competition is Cooperation, Survival of the Fitters, Innovation Changes the Landscape, Limits to Growth, Alternative Norms to Preferential Treatment

Conclusion: Getting It Right

33 Page PDF

Reference: 21st Century Governance as a Complex Adaptive System

Advanced Cyber/IO, Articles & Chapters, Cultural Intelligence

ABSTRACT:  The Information Revolution combined with connective technologies creates a unique global social network.  This network is vulnerable to cascades of information, norms, and coordinated action.  The inherent unpredictability of the information society demands new kinds of governance that focus on rapid network-coordinated response over centralized predictive planning.

CORE QUOTE:  “Power, as the capacity to impose behavior, lies in the networks of information exchange and symbol manipulation, which relate social actors, institutions, and cultural movements.”  Citing M. Castells, End of Millenium (Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishers, 2000), p. 379.

Six Page PDF

2006 Yekelo (ZA) Continental Early Warning & Information Sharing: A Military Perspective on Deterring & Resolving Complex Emergencies

Communities of Practice, Cultural Intelligence, Historic Contributions, Peace Intelligence
Ronnie Kasrils
Ronnie Kasrils

South Africa, Military and Civilian Intelligence Community

IOP ’06  Under the general leadership of Minister of Intelligence Services Ronnie Kasrils, in partnership with an extraordinary collection of individuals across all elements of the South African intelligence community, and across all countries in the continent of Africa, successfully implemented both an open source software strategy, and an early warning and open source information sharing strategy.  Their continental initiative, in its openness, low cost, and mutually beneficial architecture, sets the standard for multinational, multiagency, multidisciplinary, multidomain information sharing (M4 IS).

When Nelson Mandela ended arpartheid and an integrated government was formed, the very best of the revolutionaries of color went into intelligence.  President “JZ” Zuma of South Africa is himself director of intelligence for the ANC in exile and resistance.  They inherited a brand new campus built by the previous regime, and the South African National Academy of Intelligence (SANAI) has proven to be both an internal and a continental asset.  It introduced Open Source Intelligence (OSINT) in the 1990’s, and understood far sooner than most that OSINT and the traditional secret collection disciplines have to interact “as with a DNA spiral” in the words of the Director General of National Intelligence at the time.

BGen Yekelo
BGen Yekelo

Representing Minister Kasrils at OSS ’06 was Brigadier General Gordon Mzwandile Yekelo, Director, Doctrine Development, Joint Operations Division, South African Armed Forces, who shared his views on “Continental Early Warning & Information Sharing: A Military Perspective on Deterring & Resolving Complex Emergencies.” Today, in 2009, SANAI is about to offer world-class training to the eight tribes of intelligence across all of Africa, and with integrity and persistence, may yet create a Smart Continent Of, By, and For Africans.

Gordon Mzwandile Yekelo
Gordon Mzwandile Yekelo

Reference: Online Language Overview

Cultural Intelligence

PDF Version
PDF Version

Author’s Note: This is an on line version of a paper that Mike Bergman recently released under the auspices of BrightPlanet Corp The citation for this effort is:

M.K. Bergman, “Tutorial:  Internet Languages, Character Sets and Encodings,” BrightPlanet Corporation Technical Documentation, March 2006, 13 pp.

Yoshiki Mikami, who runs the UN’s Language Observatory, has an interesting way to summarize the languages of the world. His updated figures, plus some other BrightPlanet statistics are:

. . . . . . .

Category Number Source or Notes
Active Human Languages 6,912 from www.ethnologue.com
Language Identifiers 440 based on ISO 639
Human Rights Translation 327 UN’s Universal Declaration of Human Rights
Unicode Languages 244 See text
DQM Languages 140 Estimate based on prevalence, BT input
Windows XP Languages 123 From Microsoft
Basis Tech Languages 40 Based on Basis Tech’s Rosette Language Identifier
Google Search Languages 35 From Google

Online version

2004 Ray (US) Values in America and the New Political Compass

11 Society, Civil Society, Cultural Intelligence, Historic Contributions
Paul Ray
Paul Ray

Paul Ray came to our attention as a result of his writing, with his life-long partner Sherri Ruth Anderson, CULTURAL CREATIVES: How 50 Million People Are Changing the World.

Cultural Creatives
Cultural Creatives

In 2004 he was well into his new work, and had introduced the avant guarde to the “New Political Compass,” which can be seen in full page color size at www.oss.net/PIG where it is the third side in from the cover.  Clicking on his photo above leads to the 2004 article that captured a great deal of respect everywhere except within the two-party tyranny that has been “Running on Empty” and in “Breach of Trust” since at least the 1970’s.  Below are his two presentations to OSS ’04.

Paul Ray on Values
Paul Ray on Values
Paul Ray on New Compass
Paul Ray on New Compass

2004 Seagrave (US/FR) Interview with Sterling and Peggy Seagrave on Gold Warriors: America’s Secret Recovery of Yamashita’s Gold

Cultural Intelligence, Government, Historic Contributions, Law Enforcement
Sterling and Peggy Seagrave
Sterling and Peggy Seagrave

We met the authors at their Knight Templar fortress overlooking a southern French bay, where they are in voluntary exile.  What they have revealed about the US theft of the gold stolen by Japen from China, and the subsequent use of that gold to bribe both US Presidents and foreign government leaders, is quite intriguing–precisely the kind of information the public needs to know.

Below is the written record of their DVD interview as shown at OSS ’04.

Sterling & Peggy Seagrave
Sterling & Peggy Seagrave

We strongly recommend their books on the corrupt Taiwanese government (Chang Kai Skek was a warlord and crime lord to the end of his days) but for our concerns about the integrity of the Wall Street-White House axis of secrecy, we particularly recommend Gold Warriors, below.

Earth-Shattering, Faith-Shaking, Well-Documented Deceit, September 25, 2003

Sterling & Peggy Seagrave
Sterling & Peggy Seagrave

Few realize that China (the one China, the People’s Republic of China) did NOT sign the San Francisco treaty and has NOT given up the right to demand reparations of both the Japanese and of the United States of America.  By rights, most of the gold the USA took out of the Philippines–and all of the cultural treasures stolen by the Japanese from China–are the legitimate historical property of China, and we anticipate that “truth and reconciliation” will one day bring the above book center stage again.