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Phi Beta Iota: This article, written in 2007, remains the standard in the field for both brevity and authoritativeness.
Business Intelligence is data mining, not intelligence. Competitive Intelligence focuses on competitors and does not do 360 degree holistic analytics.
The modern term for a full service program is Commercial Intelligence, which uses only open sources and ethical methods. It should not be confused with secret government intelligence or with illegal industrial espionage.
Mr. Herring is also the creator of the now globally-recognized “Herring Triangle” graphic of four levels of commercial intelligence and their relative costs.
Herring Triangulo en Espanol
Herring Triangle as Published in New Craft of Intelligence
Full Text Below the Line for Google Translate
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Phi Beta Iota: Also known as dodi 3115.12, august 24, 2010. While the document displays some tiny hints that someone somewhere is thinking, it is largely bureaucratic pap that sanctifies the existing dysfunctional status quo, to include an SES as a branch chief rather than as the head of a new Department, DO, co-equal to DH and DI and DX. The only glimmer of progress is in requiring a consolidated defense program, but even this will be mangled and prolonged. This is a bean-counter instruction, not a real-world instruction intent on providing OSINT support to policy, acquisition, and operations.
2008 IJIC 21/3 The Open Source Program: Missing in Action
Graphic: Herring Triangle of Four Levels Need & Cost
2009 DoD OSINT Leadership and Staff Briefings
2009: Human Intelligence (HUMINT) Trilogy
Search: The Future of OSINT [is M4IS2-Multinational]
Jan Herring, the first National Intelligence Officer for Science & Technology (NIO/S&T) is the father of Open Source Intelligence in the USA. Now retired, his baton has been picked up by Robert Steele, who took the campaign multinational. The history continuing resistance to what was originally Jan Herring’s lead is covered briefly in 2008 IJIC 21/3 The Open Source Program: Missing in Action.