Jim Hardee was the senior civilian in the Joint Intelligence Center (JIC) of US Special Operations Command (USSOCOM) during the 1990’s, and was instrumental in ensuring that General Peter Schoomaker, then Commander-in-Chief of USSOCOM, received a briefing from Robert Steele in 1997, at which point General Schoomaker ordered the creation of the USSOCOM Open Source Intelligence (OSINT) Branch, today still the only truly effective OSINT unit inthe US Government, with global reach across all languages and mediums. In our view, Mr. Hardee’s contributions to the establishment of OSINT as a foundation for today’s all-source analysis have not been properly recognized by his Command or his Government. He is one of a tiny handful of original pioneeers still standing and we hold him in the very highest regards. Below are the slides he used in introducing a panel on the application of OSINT to special force needs.
PLATINUM LIFETIME AWARD Mr. Ben Harrison, OSINT Pioneer
Mr. Ben Harrison is a master of both the military bureaucracy, and the global open source intelligence (OSINT) world. He has been a pioneer in all respects–helping the larger Department of Defense Community understand OSINT; creating innovative solutions for his own Command, the U.S. Special Operations Command; and helping teach otherss about the basics of OSINT. Within the U.S. Department of Defense, he is the tip of the spear for DoD OSINT.
The USSOCOM unit today answers 40% of all (ALL) Global War on Terror (GWOT) Essential Elements of Information (EEI) from all (ALL) Special Forces world-wide. The OSINT they produce is specific, timely, and actionable. Below is the low-key public presentation given by Ben Harrison at OSS -03. He cannot talk about the concept we pioneered in the late 1990’s, Black OSINT, but he it is safe to say that he is the one person in the US Government that has achieved “dominance” on both White OSINT and Black OSINT.
Col Dr. Max Manwaring is one of America’s greatest scholar-warriors and especially valuable to all of us for his understanding of gangs and other asymmetric froms of organization that are vastly more adatable, imaginative, and resources than any bureaucracy.
He has been among a handful of patriotic souls speaking truth to power about the urgency of getting a grip on emerging threats that are non-state in nature. Below is his presentation of the six generations of warfare–on a good day the US is lucky to get past fourth generation warfare, and completely unsuited–not trained, equipped, or organized–for generations five through seven (we added the seventh, see Graphics).
The US Special Operations Command (USSOCOM) has always taken Open Source Intelligence (OSINT) more seriously than the rest of the government, and after General Peter Schoomaker, then Commander-in-Chief, USSOCOM, gave the order in 1997, to establish a separate branch in the Joint Intelligence Center (JIC) and integrate OSINT into all Special Operaitons Forces (SOF) schoolhouses, the program grew fast. Jim Hardee was the senior civilian in the JIC prior to 9/11, and it fell to him to help a series of officers move forward.
Today SOCOM JIC J-23 answers 40% of all Global War on Terror (GWOT) requirements from all SOF elements worldwide, for under $10 million dollars. There is not another element of the U.S. Government that is remotely as capable, or as cost efficient.
Below is the earliest briefing available to the public covering White OSINT.
The outline below does not do justice the rich spontaneous presentation that Col Dr. Max Manwaring of the Strategic Studies Institute shared with OSS ’02.
Dr. Manwaring may well be America’s top authority on both “uncomfortable small wars” and on “gangs against governments.”
He is the originator of the six generations of warfare (the US still fights 4th generation warfare at best) and inspired the definition by Robert Steele of the seventh generation, Information Peacekeeping at “total war” using information and intelligence as the sole munition.
Click on the photograph to access his rich biography and many publications, most free online. Click below to read the outline.
PLATINUM LCdr Andrew Chester, RN, Canada
LCdr Andrew Chester, RN, Canada, has distinguished himself, first, as a pioneer for the exploiotation of Open Source Intelligence (OSINT) within and throughout the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and the Partners for Peace (PfP), and subsequently as a trainer and practitioner with an especially constructive influence upon the international military environment.
If BGen Jim Cox (CA) was the visionary within NATO who saw the need and orchestrated the direction, LCdr Andrew Chester (CA) was the “doer” who executed the single most intelligent and original Open Source Intelligence (OSINT) conceptual process it has ever been our pleasure to support. He is one of a dozen Platinum Lifetime Award receipients from the first 20 years of group endeavor. Below is his presentation to OSS ’01.
Col Michael J. Dziedzic is one of those very rare officers of such intelligence and integrity that he was able to run against the grain for years, focusing on the vital importance of civil-military operations other than war (OOTW) that were “buried” by a Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff who said (we are not making this up), “Real men don’t do OOTW.” Of course the Defense Science Board Report on Transitions to and From Hostilities (December 2004) and the current Secretary of Defense Robert Gates, say otherwise. Principle co-author with Ambassador Bob Oakley of Policing the New World Disorder, still the seminal work in the field, this is an officer, along with Colonel Ferd Irizzary, whom we hope to see earn multiple promotions as we all realize that a multinational multifunctional Earth Rescue Network is a non-negotiable first step to “getting a grip.” We hold this officer in the very highest esteem.
To the left is the cover of the seminal work by Ambassador Bob Oakley and Col Mike Dziedzic and others, at Amazon. The National Defense University (NDU) logo leads to the book free online at NDU. This book is long over-due for updating and reissuance, this time including a proper index.
Below is Ambassador Oakley’s briefing from 2001.
BGen Jim Cox, CA was the Deputy N-2 for the Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers Europe (SHAPE) which is also the central headquarters element for the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). If there is one person who can be identified as the “do-er” who took Capt Patrick Tyrrell’s paper on the need for NATO OSINT (click on From Left to go to that paper, and ultimately mandated, funded, and saw through the creation of the three core NATO conceptual publications on OSINT (Frog Right), it would be Brigadier Cox.
Retired Army Brigadier General, with extensive UN and NATO experience. After a 38 year career, retired from the Canadian Forces in 2001. Currently work as an analyst in the Library of Parliament supporting the House of Commons Standing Committee on National Defence, the Senate Sub-Committee on Veterans Affairs and the Canada-NATO Parliamentary Assembly. Also pursuing a PhD in War Studies with the Royal Military College of Canada.
Austrian military intelligence is concerned with central Asia as well as former elements of the USSR, and it has been a great benefit to the multinational participants to have Austian field grade officers in regular attendance. At OSS 2000 Brigadier General Wolfgang Mueller brought back to the group his own service’s experience and concerns.