Steven Aftergood: CRS Defense Primer – Intelligence Support to Military Operations

Congressional Research Service
Steven Aftergood

Defense Primer: Intelligence Support to Military Operations

  • Inform the commander
  • Describe the operational environment
  • Identify, define, and nominate objectives
  • Support planning and execution of operations
  • Counter adversary deception and surprise
  • Support friendly deception efforts
  • Assess the effectiveness of operations

Steven Aftergood: CRS on US Research & Development (R&D) Funding and Performance – Half a Trillion — 500 Billion — A Year

Commerce, Congressional Research Service, Fact Sheets, Government, IO Impotency
Steven Aftergood

U.S. Research and Development Funding and Performance: Fact Sheet

John F. Sargent Jr.
Specialist in Science and Technology Policy
Congressional Research Service
June 29, 2018

Comment and key graphic from report below the fold.

Continue reading “Steven Aftergood: CRS on US Research & Development (R&D) Funding and Performance – Half a Trillion — 500 Billion — A Year”

Congressional Research Service: Presidential Stuff

Congressional Research Service

crs logoPresidential Transitions: Issues Involving Outgoing and Incoming Administrations

The report addresses the use of executive orders, record preservation and clemency actions by the outgoing Administration, as well as cybersecurity, budget preparation, political appointments, and so forth. Essential reference.

In fact, the security clearance system itself is an expression of presidential authority. Its scope and operation are defined in an executive order (EO 12968), and its terms can be modified by the President at will. And if the President wished to grant access to classified information to a family member, for example, there would be no legal barrier to doing so.

See “Trump Will Have Wide Latitude to Let Family Into Government’s Secret Circles” by Mark Landler, New York Times, November 16.

CRS: US Periods of War and Dates of Recent Conflicts

Congressional Research Service, Peace Intelligence

CRS logo smallU.S. Periods of War and Dates of Recent Conflicts, updated September 29, 2016

Many wars or conflicts in U.S. history have federally designated “periods of war,” dates marking their beginning and ending. These dates are important for qualification for certain veterans’ pension or disability benefits. Confusion can occur because beginning and ending dates for “periods of war” in many nonofficial sources are often different from those given in treaties and other official sources of information, and armistice dates can be confused with termination dates. This report lists the beginning and ending dates for “periods of war” found in Title 38 of the Code of Federal Regulations, dealing with the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA). It also lists and differentiates other beginning dates given in declarations of war, as well as termination of hostilities dates and armistice and ending dates given in proclamations, laws, or treaties. The dates for the recent conflicts in Afghanistan and Iraq are included along with the official end date for Operation New Dawn in Iraq on December 15, 2011, and Operation Enduring Freedom on Afghanistan on December 28, 2014. This report will be updated when events warrant. For additional information, see the following: CRS Report RL31133, Declarations of War and Authorizations for the Use of Military Force: Historical Background and Legal Implications, by Jennifer K. Elsea and Matthew C. Weed, and CRS Report R42738, Instances of Use of United States Armed Forces Abroad, 1798 – 2015, by Barbara Salazar Torreon.
.

 

CRS: Remittances – Background and Issues for Congress

03 Economy, Congressional Research Service

CRS logo smallThe amount of money sent by migrants in the U.S. to their home countries exceeded $432 billion in 2015, which is larger than official development assistance and more stable than private capital flows to these countries. See Remittances: Background and Issues for Congress, updated May 9, 2016.

Tip of the Hat to Secrecy News  and Steven Aftergood.

Steven Aftergood: Defense Reform When, How?

10 Security, Congressional Research Service, Ethics, Military, Officers Call, Peace Intelligence
Steven Aftergood
Steven Aftergood

DEFENSE REFORM: YES, BUT HOW?

There is widespread dissatisfaction with the organization and performance of the Department of Defense, a new Congressional Research Service report says, but no consensus on what to do about it. Driving the current debate, CRS says, are questions such as:

Continue reading “Steven Aftergood: Defense Reform When, How?”

Steven Aftergood: CRS on Police Use of Force

Congressional Research Service, Law Enforcement
Steven Aftergood
Steven Aftergood

What are the constitutional limits on police use of force? What remedies are available when those limits are exceeded? And in light of recent episodes of police violence, how might the limits and the remedies be modified? Those questions are addressed in a new report from the Congressional Research Service.

Continue reading “Steven Aftergood: CRS on Police Use of Force”

Steven Aftergood: Countering the Islamic State & More from CRS

Congressional Research Service
Steven Aftergood
Steven Aftergood

Countering the Islamic State, and More from CRS

Some 60 nations and partner organizations have made commitments to help counter the Islamic State with military forces or resources, according to a new report from the Congressional Research Service. But coalition efforts suffer from a lack of coherence, CRS said. “Without a single authority responsible for prioritizing and adjudicating between different multinational civilian and military lines of effort, different actors often work at cross-purposes without intending to do so.”

ADMIN CRS Update 10 April 2015

Congressional Research Service
Click on Image to Enlarge
Click on Image to Enlarge

The below newly-acquired Congressional Research Service (CRS) have been received from the Federation of American Scientists (FAS) and are now catalogued and accessible here.

Continue reading “ADMIN CRS Update 10 April 2015”