1992: USMC Critique of CIA/FBIS Plan for Open Source Intelligence (OSINT)

History of Opposition

After four years of advocacy by the US Marine Corps, in 1992 the Director of Central Intelligence (DCI) agreed to take action on Open Source Intelligence (OSINT).  As would be natural, the Foreign Broadcast Information Service (FBIS) was asked to provide a report on behalf of a Joint Open Source Task Force.  As is the custom at CIA, everything having to do with OSINT is classified.   Below is the UNCLASSIFIED Marine Corps evaluation of the Final Report.  So very little has changed within CIA and FBIS in 20 years that most of this evaluation–and especially those aspects of this evaluation pertaining to the CIA/FBIS (or Open Source Center/OSC) ability to a) understand the military and b) meet military needs, remain valid as a starting point for discussing how DoD and other elements of the US Government not now satisfied by CIA or OSC, should address their needs for OSINT in support of policy, acquisition, and operations.

USMC Critique
USMC Critique

1991 MCG Intelligence Support for Expeditionary Planners

Articles & Chapters
MCG Sep 91
MCG Sep 91

1991 AIJ Fall ‘New Paradigm” and Avoiding Future Failures

Articles & Chapters
AIJ Aut 91
AIJ Aut 91

1992 Studeman (US) on Teaching the Giant to Dance

About the Idea, Historic Contributions
Studeman Dec 1992
Studeman Dec 1992

1992 Clift (US) on Open Source Solutions

Historic Contributions
Clift Dec 1992
Clift Dec 1992

Reference: USMC Utilizing the Counter-Narcotics Center Experience as a Basis for General Intelligence Restructuring Initiatives (1991)

Memoranda
Document Online

Author:  Robert Steele, then Special Assistant of the Marine Corps Intelligence Center

Winn Schwartau: “Digital Pearl Harbor” Testimony to Congress, 27 June 1991

IO Deeds of War, IO Impotency
Winn Schwartau

Winn Schwartau Congressional Testimony Digital Pearl Harbor, 27 June 1991

Hearing before the Subcommittee on Technology and Competitiveness of the Committee on Science, Space, and Technology, U.S. House of Representatives, 102nd Congress, 1st Session, June 27, 1991 [No. 42].

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Reference: USMC Proposed Alternative National Intelligence Topics (NIT) (1991)

DoD
Document Online

USMC 1991 National Intelligence Topics

Ethics, Military, Peace Intelligence

In 1991 the Marine Corps sought to change the National Intelligence Topics (NIT) away from their heavy emphasis on the Soviet Union, China, and North Korea, and toward the emerging threats in the Third World, including non-state actors. The effort died in staffing. This is the sole surviving documentation from that effort.

USMC NITS Redirection 1991

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1992 Wallner (US) on OSINT and the IC–Myths and Realities

Historic Contributions
Wallner Dec 1992
Wallner Dec 1992