Search: The Future of OSINT [is M4IS2-Multinational]

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The future of OSINT is M4IS2.

The future of Open Source Intelligence (OSINT) is Multinational, Multifunctional, Multidisciplinary, Multidomain Information-Sharing & Sense-Making (M4IS2).

The following, subject to the approval of Executive and Congressional leadership, are suggested hueristics (rules of thumb):

Rule 1: All Open Source Information (OSIF) goes directly to the high side (multinational top secret) the instant it is received at any level by any civilian or military element responsive to global OSINT grid.  This includes all of the contextual agency and mission specific information from the civilian elements previously stove-piped or disgarded, not only within the US, but ultimately within all 90+ participating nations.

Rule 2: In return for Rule 1, the US IC agrees that the Department of State (and within DoD, Civil Affairs) is the proponent outside the wire, and the sharing of all OSIF originating outside the US IC is at the discretion of State/Civil Affairs without secret world caveat or constraint.  OSIF collected by US IC elements is NOT included in this warrant.

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Policy Archives on Public Intelligence (1992-2006)

Policy

2006

US

Policy DoD QDR Shift in Focus 18 Years After Gray and Steele Recommended Same

2006

US

Policy Markowitz Defense Science Board Report on Transitions (NGO, OSINT)

2006

US

Policy Peters Counterrevolution in Military Affairs

2006

US

Policy Steele Terms of Reference for Intelligence Reform 1.1

2006

US

Policy Steele In Search of a Leader (Four Essential Reforms)

2006

US

Policy Steele Electoral Refrom as Precursor to Intelligence Reform

2006

US

Policy Tsuruoka Managing for the Future: Interview with Alvin Toffler

2005

US

Policy Andregg Ethics and the IC: Breaking the Laws of God and Man

2005

UK

Policy BASIC Think Tank Report on US Intelligence Incompetence

2005

EU

Policy EU European Union Proposed Multi-National Intelligence Service

2005

US

Policy Godson Culture of Lawfullness

2005

US

Policy Steele ON INTELLIGENCE: Overview in Aftermath of 9-11

2005

US

Policy Steele Op-Ed on Condi Rice’s Active Deception

2005

US

Policy Steele Cease and desist letter on Naquin

2005

US

Policy Tama Princeton Review on Intelligence Reform

2004

US

Policy Alexander Army G-2 Accepts OSINT as Separate Discipline

2004

US

Policy Andregg Insanity of Planned Intelligence “Reforms”

2004

AU

Policy Anon & Steele Update on OSINT in Australia

2004

FR

Policy Clerc Cognitive Knowledge for Nations

2004

US

Policy Cordesman Questions & Answers on Intelligence Reform

2004

US

Policy Cordesman & Steele Questions & Answers on Intelligence Reform

2004

US

Policy Simmons Congressman Simmons Letter to General Schoomaker on OSINT

2004

US

Policy Steele DoD OSINT Program: One Man’s View of What Is Needed

2004

US

Policy Steele Transcript of Steele at Secretary of State’s Open Forum 24 March 2004

2004

NL

Policy Tongeren (van) Need for Global Alliance for Human Security (Complete)

2004

NL

Policy Tongeren (van) Need for Global Alliance for Human Security (Overview)

2003

US

Policy Czech Steady State Revolution and National Security

2003

CA

Policy Fyffe Intelligence Sharing and OSINT

2003

CA

Policy Fyffe Intelligence Sharing and OSINT (Summary)

2003

UN

Policy Lewis Creating the Global Brain

2003

US

Policy Markowitz OSINT in Support of All Source

2003

US

Policy Markowitz Open Source Intelligence Investment Strategy

2003

US

Policy Steele Open Letter to Ambassadors Accredited to the USA

2003

BE

Policy Truyens Intelligent vs. Intelligence: That Is The Question

2002

Italy

Policy Politi 11th of September and the Future of European Intelligence

2001

US

Policy Heibel Intelligence Training: What Is It?  Who Needs It?

2001

US

Policy Heibel Value of Intelligence & Intelligence Training to Any Organization

2001

US

Policy Oakley Use of Civilian & Military Power for Engagement & Intervention

2000

US

Policy Berkowitz An Alternative View of the Future of Intellligence

2000

RU

Policy Budzko Russian View of Electronic Open Sources and How to Exploit Them

2000

US

Policy Ermarth OSINT: A Fresh Look at the Past and the Future

2000

IT

Policy Politi The Birth of OSINT in Italy

1999

US

Policy Allen (ADCI/C) OSINT as a Foundation for All-Source Collection Management

1999

UK

Policy Rolington Changing Messages in Western Knowledge Over 400 Years (Slides)

1999

UK

Policy Rolington Changing Messages in Western Knowledge Over 400 Years (Text)

1999

UK

Policy Steele Snakes in the Grass: Open Source Doctrine

1998

US

Policy Donahue Balancing Spending Among Spies, Satellites, and Schoolboys

1997

FR

Policy Botbol The OSINT Revolution: Early Failures and Future Prospects

1997

US

Policy Felsher Viability & Survivability of US Remote Sensing as Function of Policy

1997

US

Policy Steele Intelligence in the Balance: Opening Remarks at OSS ‘97

1997

US

Policy Sutton Global Coverage ($1.5B/Year Needed for Lower Tier OSINT)

1997

US

Policy Tsuruoka Asian Perceptions of What Is and Is Not Legal in Economic Intelligence

1997

UK

Policy Tyrrell Proposals to Develop a NATO/PfP OSINT Capability

1996

FR

Policy Clerc Economic and Financial Intelligence: The French Model

1996

US

Policy Kahin What Is Intellectual Property?

1996

US

Policy Steele Creating a Smart Nation (Govt Info Q and also CYBERWAR Chapter)

1996

US

Policy Steele InfoPeace: OSINT as a Policy Option & Operational Alternative

1996

US

Policy Steele Open Sources and the Virtual Intelligence Community

1996

US

Policy Steele Protecting the Civilian Infrastructure as an Aspect of Information Warfare

1996

US

Policy Zuckerman The Central Role of Open Source Economic Intelligence

1995

US

Policy Prusak Seven Myths of the Information Age

1995

US

Policy Steele Conference Executive Summary C/HPSCI and former DCI Colby

1995

US

Policy Steele Creating a Smart Nation: Strategy, Policy, Intelligence, & Information

1995

US

Policy Steele SMART NATIONS: NI Strategies and Virtual Intelligence Communities

1994

US

Policy Ogdin & Giser Cyber-Glut, and What To Do About It

1994

FR

Policy Schmidt Open Source Solutions 1994: The State of Intelligence

1994

US

Policy Schwartau Letter on NII Security

1994

US

Policy Schwartau et al Cross-Walk of 3 Experts’ Spending $1 Billion per Year for NII Security

1994

US

Policy Steele Communications, Content, Coordination, and C4 Security: Talking Points

1994

US

Policy Steele Correspondence to Mr. Marty Harris, NII Commission

1994

US

Policy Steele DATA MINING: Don’t Buy or Build Your Shovel Until You Know What…

1994

US

Policy Steele Expansion of Questions Posed by Senator John Warner to Aspin-Brown

1994

US

Policy Steele Letter to the Open Source Lunch Club on PFIAB Being Useless

1994

US

Policy Steele National and Corporate Security in the Age of Information

1994

US

Policy Steele Private Enterprise Intelligence: Its Potential Contribution to Nat’l Sec.

1993

FR

Policy Beaumard France: Think-tank to Anticipate & Regulate Economic Intelligence Issues

1993

FR

Policy Beaumard Learned Nations: Competitive Advantages Via Knowledge Strategies

1993

US

Policy Brenner Law and Policy of Telecommunications and Computer Database Networks

1993

US

Policy Castagna Review of Reich, The Work of Nations

1993

AU

Policy Chantler Need for Australia to Develop a Strategic Policy on OSI

1993

US

Policy Cisler Community Computer Networks

1993

US

Policy Civille The Spirit of Access: Equity, NREN, and the NII

1993

US

Policy Fedanzo A Genetic View of National Intelligence

1993

US

Policy Haver Intelligence Aim Veers to Amassing Overt Information

1993

JP

Policy Kumon Japan and the United States in the Information Age

1993

SE

Policy Leijonhelm Economic Intelligence Cooperation Between Government Industry

1993

US

Policy Love Comments on the Clinton Administration’s ‘Vision’ Statement for the NII

1993

US

Policy Petersen A New Twenty-First Century Role for the Intelligence Community

1993

GE

Policy Schmidt History of Failure, Future of Opportunity: Reinventions and Deja Vu

1993

US

Policy Steele A Critical Evaluation of U.S. National Security Capabilities

1993

US

Policy Steele ACCESS: Theory and Practice of Intelligence in the Age of Information

1993

US

Policy Steele Executive Order 12356, ‘National Security Information’

1993

US

Policy Steele Reinventing Intelligence in the Age of Information (TP for DCI)

1993

US

Policy Steele Reinventing Intelligence: The Advantages of OSINT

1993

US

Policy Steele Role of Grey Lit & Non-Traditional Agencies in Informing Policy Makers

1993

US

Policy Toffler (Both) Knowledge Strategies, Intellience Restructuring,  Global Competitiveness

1993

US

Policy Wallner Overview of IC Open Source Requirements and Capabilities

1993

US

Policy Wood The IC and the Open Source Information Challenge

1992

US

Policy Barlow EFF and the National Public Network (NPN)

1992

US

Policy Castagna Review of Toffler’s PowerShift

1992

SE

Policy Dedijer Open Source Solutions: Intelligence and Secrecy

1992

US

Policy Gage Open Sources, Open Systems

1992

US

Policy Greenwald Unrepresented Nations & Peoples Organization: Diplomacy’s Cutting Edge

1992

US

Policy Hughes An Affordable Approach to Networking America’s Schools

1992

US

Policy Kahin New Legal Paradigms for Multi-Media Information in Cyberspace

1992

US

Policy Kahn Outline of a Global Knowledge Architecture, Visions and Possibilities

1992

US

Policy Steele E3i: Ethics, Ecology, Evolution, and Intelligence

1992

US

Policy Steele Inaugural Remarks Opening 1st International Conference

1992

US

Policy Steele Information Concepts & Doctrine for the Future

1992

US

Policy Steele OSINT Clarifies Global Threats: Offers Partial Remedy to Budget Cuts

1992

US

Policy Steele Review Strassmann, Information PayOff

1992

US

Policy Wood Remarks, Don’t Be Suspicious of Contractors

1991

US

Policy JFK Working Group National Intelligence and the American Enterprise: Possibilities

1991

US

Policy Karraker Highways of the Mind

1991

US

Policy Steele How to Avoid Strategic Intelligence Failures in the Future

1990

US

Policy Steele Recasting National Security in a Changing World

1957

US

Policy Wright Project for a World Intelligence Center

Military Archives on Public Intelligence (1992-2006)

Military
Archives 1992-2006
Archives 1992-2006

2005

US

Military Steele US Army Conference: E3i: Making the Revolution

2005

US

Military USA Army Modernization Briefing

2004

US

Military Simmons Foreword to the Draft SOF OSINT Handbook

2004

NL

Military Wiebes SIGINT in Bosnia

2003

US

Military Hardee OSINT in Support of Special Operations

2003

US

Military Harrison OSINT Requirements, Collection, & Production Management

2003

US

Military Steele SOUTHCOM: Strategic Threat Assessment

2003

US

Military Steele AFCEA Texas: C4I Revolution and National Security

2003?

US

Military Steele To SecDef: Force Structure Trade-Offs and the Real World

2002

US

Military Hardee Growing an Open Source Intelligence Program

2001

US

Military Steele AUSA: Intelligence Support to a Transforming Army

2001

US

Military Steele AWC: Welcome to the Real World: Force Structure Trade-Offs

2000

CA

Military Cox OSINT at SHAPE…Some Musings

2000

FR

Military Debat The Challenge of Informing European Defence Decisions

2000

US

Military Hughes Open Sources and Intelligent Solutions

2000

Austria

Military Mueller Austrian Military Intelligence Thoughts on OSINT

2000

UK

Military Regan The UK Ministry of Defence OSINT Program

2000

US

Military Reynolds U.S. Transportation Command OSINT

2000

US

Military Steele Briefing to NATO/PfP: One World Ready or Not

1999

US

Military Clark EAGLE VISION: USAF Initiative for Tactical Receipt of Imagery

1999

US

Military Connors PACOM Additional Slides on VIC

1999

US

Military Connors U.S. Pacific Command’s Virtual Information Center (VIC)

1999

US

Military Dearth Intelligence in the 21st Century

1999

US

Military Lee Summary of Military Map Availabililty for Iran

1999

US

Military Myers & Madison Virtual Information Center Concept Refinement

1999

US

Military Prinslow & Bond Information Sharing in Humanitarian Emergencies

1999

US

Military Steele Overview of OSINT Issues & OSINT Utility to DoD

1999

US

Military Steele Setting the Stage for Information Sharing in the 21st Century: 3 Issues

1999

US

Military Steele What Do We Need to Know and Where Do We Get It? (Slides)

1999

US

Military Steele Expeditionary Environment in the 21st Century

1999

US

Military Wirtz Bridging the Culture Gap: OSINT and the Tet Offensive

1998

US

Military Beavers & Shanahan Operationalizing IO in Bosnia-Herzegovina (Book Chapter)

1998

SE

Military Bjore Open Sources and Methods for the Military

1998

SE

Military Bjore OSINT Lessons Learned

1998

UK

Military Rathmell Assessing the IW Threat from Sub-State Groups

1998

US

Military Steele INFORMATION PEACEKEEPING: Purest Form of War (Outline)

1998

US

Military Steele Skeptical Assessment of USN-USMC Based on Real-World OSINT

1998

US

Military Steele TAKEDOWN: The Asymmetric Threat to the Nation

1998

UK

Military Tyrrell OSINT: The Challenge for NATO

1997

US

Military Alger IATAC: Building a Knowledge Base of Emerging IAT

1997

US

Military Clark EAGLE VISION: Tactical Downlink Station for Imagery

1997

US

Military Clinton Managing Complex Contingency Operations

1997

US

Military Molholm DTIC: Building a Virtual Knowledge Warehouse

1997

US

Military Necoba The Marines and OSINT

1997

US

Military Pedtke National Air Intelligence Center Science & Technology OSINT

1997

US

Military Steele CINC Brief: The One that Got CINCSOC (Now CSA) to Buy In

1997

US

Military Steele Creating a Bare Bones OSINT  Capability (Slides)

1997

US

Military Steele Creating a Bare Bones OSINT Unit for DIA

1997

US

Military Steele CINCSOC 10 Minute Brief on OSINT

1997

US

Military Vesely Striking A Balance: National, Operational, & Tactical Acquisition

1996

US

Military Smith Defense Mapping Agency and the Commercial Sector

1996

US

Military Steele Open Source Intelligence Handbook, Chapter 5, OSINT and Military

1996

US

Military Steele DIA/JMITC: National Knowledge Strategy & Revolution in Intelligence

1996

US

Military Stein Mapping, Charting, and Geodetic Needs for Remote Sensing Data

1995

SE

Military Bjore Six Years of Open Source Information (OSI): Lessons Learned

1995

US

Military Dandar Army Intelligence XXI, Open Source Status Report

1995

US

Military Dandar OSIF Exploitation for Army Intelligence XXI: Summary

1995

UK

Military Garfield Update on the UK MoD OSINT Programme (Slides)

1995

UK

Military Garfield Update on the UK MoD OSINT Programme (Text)

1995

US

Military Ricardeli OSINT in Support of Haiti Invasion (Slides)

1995

US

Military Ricardeli OSINT in Support of Haiti Invasion (Text)

1995

US

Military Steele The Military Perspective on Information Warfare: Apocalypse Now

1995

US

Military Steele AWC: Open Source Intelligence for the Military

1994

US

Military Brooks & McKeeyer Split-Based Ops in DESERT STORM: Glimpse of the Future Digital Army

1994

US

Military Munro INFORMATION WARFARE: Snake Eaters Meet Net-Heads

1994

US

Military Pedtke NAIC & The Intelligence Community Open Source Architecture

1994

US

Military Steele DIA/JMITC: NS via the Reinvention of National & Defense Intelligence

1992

US

Military Clift Military OSINT Requirements, Capabilities, and Contracting Directions

1992

US

Military Pedtke et al NAIC S&T Open Source Intelligence Requirements & Capabilities

1992

US

Military Petersen New Roles for the U.S. Military

1992

US

Military Schwartau Introduction to Information Warfare

1992

US

Military Steele Intelligence Lessons Learned from Recent Expeditionary Operations

1992

US

Military Steele Comments Prepared for Future War Roundtable

1992

US

Military Strassmann Forcing Innovation, Cutting Costs, and Increasing Defense Productivity

1991

US

Military Steele Defense Intelligence Productivity in the 1990’s

1990

US

Military USMC & Steele Expeditionary Environment Research & Analysis Model

1990

US

Military USMC & Steele Expeditionary Mission Area Factors Summaries

2000 Cox (CA) Reflections of the former NATO Deputy N-2

Historic Contributions, Military, Peace Intelligence

BGen Jim Cox, CA was the Deputy N-2 for the  Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers Europe (SHAPE) which is also the central headquarters element for the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO).  If there is one person who can be identified as the “do-er” who took Capt Patrick Tyrrell’s paper on the need for NATO OSINT (click on From Left to go to that paper, and ultimately mandated, funded, and saw through the creation of the three core NATO conceptual publications on OSINT (Frog Right), it would be Brigadier Cox.

Patrick Tyrrell White Paper
Patrick Tyrrell White Paper
NATO OSINT Handbook, Reader, & Intelligence Exploitation of the Internet
NATO OSINT Handbook, Reader, & Intelligence Exploitation of the Internet
Jim Cox
Jim Cox

Retired Army Brigadier General, with extensive UN and NATO experience. After a 38 year career, retired from the Canadian Forces in 2001. Currently work as an analyst in the Library of Parliament supporting the House of Commons Standing Committee on National Defence, the Senate Sub-Committee on Veterans Affairs and the Canada-NATO Parliamentary Assembly. Also pursuing a PhD in War Studies with the Royal Military College of Canada.

Jim Cox
Jim Cox

1997 Tyrrell (UK) Proposals for the Development of an Open Source Programme to Support NATO and PfP Activities

Historic Contributions, Military, Non-Governmental, Peace Intelligence
1997 NATO Handbooks
Commodore Patrick Tyrell, RN OBE

Without the leadership of then Capt Patrick Tyrrell, RN OBE, these handbooks would not exist today.  He started the ball rolling, BGen Jim Cox, CA, then NATO and SHAPE Deputy J-2 organized a lecture to all the flag officers in charge of military intelligence, and finally directed SACLANT, then led by General William Kernan, USA, to create these first multinational doctrinal guides.  Under the direct supervision of Admiral Sir William Pewone, RN, this was done over the course of two years. Below is the white paper and lecture that started it all.

NATO Awakes....
NATO Awakes....